About QLTS Assessments

The Qualified Lawyers Transfer Scheme (QLTS) assessments is your gateway, as a foreign lawyer, to qualify as a solicitor of England and Wales.

Eligibility Criteria

If you are a foreign lawyer from one of the recognized jurisdictions, then you are eligible to take the QLTS assessments and qualify as a solicitor of England and Wales. 

Note that your qualification in the recognized jurisdictions is not checked at the time of taking the QLTS. Rather, they are checked at the last stage, after you have cleared the QLTS assessments.  As such, you do not require a practicing certificate in order to take the exams.  So, for instance, if you are a law student in India who is just about to take the bar exam and register with the relevant state bar council, then you could register to take the first stage of the QLTS (i.e., the MCT) so that by the time you clear the second stage (i.e., the OSCE), you would have obtained your practicing certificate.

At the same time, it is important to think ahead and make sure that you are eligible to qualify as a solicitor prior to going through the drill of the QLTS assessments.

For details of the documents you would ultimately need to seek admission to the roll of solicitors in England and Wales, please read this article.

The Assessments

The QLTS assessments comprises two stages.  The first stage is the Multiple-Choice Test (MCT) and the second stage is the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE).  

Watch the very useful video by Kaplan on what to expect on the assessment days:

Multiple Choice Test (MCT)

The MCT is a computer-based assessment administered across various test centers around the world including China, New York, India, London, Scotland and selected cities in mainland Europe. You do not have to travel to London to take this test. 

Bear in mind that spaces in the test centers are limited so please be sure to register well in advance to secure a seat.

The MCT comprises 180 multiple choice questions equally spread over the below 11 subjects.

  1. The English Legal System and EU Law
  2. Constitutional Law and Judicial Review
  3. Professional Conduct Rules and SRA Account Rules
  4. Money Laundering, Financial Services, and Taxation
  5. Contract Law
  6. Torts
  7. Criminal Law
  8. Property Law
  9. Trusts
  10. Human Rights
  11. Business Law

As such, the detailed syllabus of the test is set out under Part A of the SRA Day One Outcomes.

The assessment is divided into 2 sessions of 2 hours 45 minutes each, with 90 questions in each session. There is a break of 60 minutes between the sessions during which you may leave the test centre.

The objective is to pass the assessments and the pass mark is set by the SRA.  There is no negative marking and you are scored on the basis of the number of correct answers. 

Read more about the MCT through the KAPLAN website.

Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE)

The OSCE is administered in London twice a year, generally in April-May and November.

Again, bear in mind that the most convenient days for outstation candidates (i.e. Part 1 and Part 2 within 1 -2 days of each other) fill up quickly and so please be sure to register in time.

The OSCE assessments will test you on three areas:

  • Litigation (Civil and Criminal),
  • Property & Probate, and
  • Business Law.

The detailed syllabus for the test is set out under Parts B, C, and D of the SRA Day One Outcomes.

The OSCE consists of two parts:

Part I

Part I comprises the following tests:

  • Client Interview,
  • Attendance Note/Case Analysis, and
  • Advocacy/Oral Presentation

Part II

Part II comprises the following tests:

  • Online Legal Research,
  • Legal Writing, and
  • Legal Drafting

That means six assessments for each of the three subjects totaling to 18 assessments. Part I and Part II are each administered over three days, with a day allocated for each subject.  In other words, you have six days of assessments which can be quite daunting!

Just to give you an idea, a hypothetical schedule for your exam may be as follows:

Part I

Day 1:  Business Law (Client Interview, Attendance Note, and Oral Presentation)

Day 2:  Litigation (Client Interview, Case Analysis, and Advocacy)

Day 3: Property and Probate (Client Interview, Attendance Note, and Oral Presentation)

Part II

Day 1: Litigation (Online Legal Research, Legal Writing, and Legal Drafting)

Day 2:  Business Law (Client Interview, Case Analysis, and Advocacy)

Day 3: Litigation (Client Interview, Attendance Note, and Oral Presentation)

You could also take Part II first followed by Part I depending on the exam dates, but they have to be taken at the same sitting (i.e. you cannot take Part I in April-May and Part II in November).

Register for the Assessments

You can register for the QLTS assessments through the KAPLAN website.  The links are provided below for your ready reference:

MCT Registration

OSCE Registration

As mentioned above, please ensure you register well in advance as seats for the MCT fill up fast.  In addition, in relation to the OSCE, the most convenient days for outstation candidates (i.e. Part I and Part II administered within 1-2 days of each other) also fill up quickly.